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Kuchulukitsa Kuthamanga, Kuthamanga Kwambiri Kuchulukitsa Mabokosi

Bokosi lamagetsi mu chopangira mphepo ndi gawo lofunikira pamakina, ndipo ntchito yake yayikulu ndikutumiza mphamvu yopangidwa ndi gudumu lamphepo poyendetsedwa ndi mphepo kupita ku jenereta ndikupangitsa kuti izikhala ndi liwiro lolingana.
Kuyamba:
Nthawi zambiri, liwiro lozungulira la gudumu lamphepo ndilotsika kwambiri, locheperako kuposa liwiro lazungulira lomwe jenereta amafunikira kuti apange magetsi. Ziyenera kuzindikirika ndikukula kwakukula kwa zida zamagalimoto, choncho bokosi lamagalimoto limatchedwanso liwiro lokulitsa bokosi. Malinga ndi zomwe zimayikidwa pakapangidwe kameneka, nthawi zina shaft yoyendetsa (yomwe imadziwika kuti shaft yayikulu) yolumikizidwa molumikizana ndi chopangira cha gudumu imalumikizidwa ndi bokosi lamagalimoto, kapena shaft yayikulu ndi bokosi lama gear zimakonzedwa padera, pomwe mikono yokulitsa kapena yolumikizira imagwiritsidwa ntchito yolumikizidwa. Pofuna kukulitsa kuchuluka kwa mabuleki a chipangizocho, chida chama brake chimayikidwa pamapeto pake kapena kumapeto kwa bokosi lamagalimoto, ndipo chimaphatikizidwa ndi mabuleki a nsonga (gudumu lokhazikika la mphepo) kapena chida chosinthira chosinthira kuti ichotseke dongosolo kufala wagawo wa.

bokosi lalikulu lamagetsi othamangitsa kwambiri
Zindikirani:
Pomwe chipangizocho chimayikidwa m'malo ophulika monga mapiri, chipululu, magombe, zilumba, ndi zina zambiri, zimasinthidwa mosasunthika ndikuwongolera komanso zovuta zamphamvu. Amakhala ndi kutentha kozizira komanso kuzizira komanso kutentha kwambiri chaka chonse, ndipo chilengedwe chimasokoneza mayendedwe. Bokosi lamagiya limayikidwa pamalo opapatiza pamwamba pa nsanjayo. Ikalephera, zimakhala zovuta kuyikonza. Chifukwa chake, kudalirika kwake komanso moyo wautumiki ndizokwera kwambiri kuposa zamakina wamba. Mwachitsanzo, zofunikira pazinthu zopangira zinthu, kuphatikiza pazinthu zamakina pamikhalidwe yokhazikika, ziyeneranso kukhala ndi mawonekedwe monga kuzizira kwazizime pakakhala kutentha pang'ono; kuyendetsa bwino kwa gearbox kuyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti pasadakhale kugwedezeka ndi mantha; kondomu mokwanira ayenera kuonetsetsa, ndi zina zotero. M'madera okhala ndi kutentha kwakukulu pakati pa dzinja ndi chilimwe, zida zoyenera Kutenthetsera ndi kuziziritsa ziyenera kukhala ndi zida. Konzaninso malo owunikira kuti muzitha kuyang'anira magwiridwe antchito ndi mawonekedwe amafuta.
Mitundu yosiyanasiyana yama makina amphepo ali ndi zofunikira zosiyanasiyana, ndipo kapangidwe ndi kapangidwe ka ma gearbox ndiosiyana. Makampani opanga mphamvu za mphepo, kukhazikika kwa zida zofananira zofananira komanso kufalikira kwa mapulaneti ndizofala kwambiri pama turbines opingasa olamulira.
Mphamvu zachilengedwe:
Kupanga mphamvu kwa mphepo kumakhudzidwa ndimikhalidwe yachilengedwe. Kupezeka kwa nyengo zina zapadera zanyengo kumatha kuyambitsa makina amphepo kuti agwire ntchito. Nacelle yaying'ono sangakhale ndi maziko olimba ngati pansi. Kugwirizana kwamphamvu ndi kugwedezeka kwamphamvu kwamayendedwe amtundu wamagalimoto nthawi zonse kumangoyang'ana kulumikizidwe kofooka. Zochita zambiri zatsimikizira kuti ulalowu nthawi zambiri umakhala bokosi lamagiya. Chifukwa chake, ndikofunikira kwambiri kulimbikitsa kafukufuku pa gearbox ndikuwonetsetsa kuti ikukonzedwa.

bokosi lalikulu lamagetsi othamangitsa kwambiri

Kudzera pakupanga ukadaulo wapamwamba kuchokera ku Germany RENK, kampaniyo yakwanitsa kupanga zinthu zingapo zam'madzi zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi kuchokera ku 1.5MW mpaka 5MW. Pakadali pano, ma prototypes amagetsi a 5MW ampweya wamagetsi amalumikizidwa ndi gridi yopangira magetsi, ndipo kupanga zambiri kwakwaniritsidwa, ndipo magwiridwe antchito pamalopo ali bwino. Makulidwe onse amagetsi amagetsi amphepo amatha kupangika ndi ziwiro zosiyanasiyana malinga ndi zomwe ogwiritsa ntchito akufuna, ndipo atha kupangidwanso ndi prototype yayikulu, kutentha kwambiri, kutentha pang'ono komanso kuthamanga kwakanthawi kothamanga kwa mphepo molingana ndi zomwe ogwiritsa ntchito akufuna.

Kuchulukitsa kwa gawo limodzi lokha Kukula kwa mphamvu yamagawo yamagetsi yamagetsi kumathandizira kukonza magwiridwe antchito amagetsi amphepo, kuchepetsa zotsalira za famu ya mphepo, kuchepetsa magwiridwe antchito ndi kukonzanso mtengo wa famu ya mphepo, ndikukweza mpikisano wamsika mphamvu ya mphepo.
Kumbali imodzi, makina onse am'mphepete mwa nyanja amasinthidwa kuchokera ku makina amphepo am'mphepete mwa nyanja, ndipo zovuta zachilengedwe zakunyanja zimapangitsa kuchepa kwa makina amphepo amakhalabe okwera, monga famu yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ku Horn Reef Wind Farm ku Denmark, mphepo 80 yakunyanja minda Kuchepa kwa mayunitsi kupitirira 70%. Kumbali inayi, gululi silingathe kupirira mphamvu zazikulu zoperekedwa ndi malo akulu amphepo am'mphepete mwa nyanja. Chifukwa chake, kukula kwakukulu kwa mphamvu yakamphepo yakunyanja kukufunika kuthana ndi mavuto opangira mayunitsi ndi malo othandizira pa intaneti.
Zipangizo zamakono zothamanga mosalekeza zimalimbikitsidwa mwachangu. Pakadali pano, makina amphepo omwe amagwira ntchito mwachangu pamsika nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi ma jenereta osakanikirana omwe amapindika mozungulira ndipo amathamanga kawiri. M'gawo lothamanga kwambiri, jenereta imathamanga kwambiri; mu gawo lotsika liwiro la mphepo, jenereta amayenda motsika kwambiri. Ubwino wake ndikuwongolera kosavuta komanso kudalirika kwambiri; Chosavuta ndichakuti liwiro la kasinthasintha limakhala losasintha komanso kuthamanga kwa mphepo nthawi zambiri kumasintha, chifukwa chake chipangizocho nthawi zambiri chimakhala chokhala ndi mphamvu yogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zochepa za mphepo, ndipo mphamvu ya mphepo siyingagwiritsidwe ntchito mokwanira.
Ndikupititsa patsogolo ukadaulo wamagetsi amphepo, makina opangira makina amphepo ndi opanga anayamba kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wosinthasintha wa pafupipafupi, ndikuphatikizanso kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wosinthira kuti apange makina amphepo osinthasintha ndi othamanga. Poyerekeza ndi makina amphepo omwe amayenda pafupipafupi, makina amphepo omwe amayenda mothamanga mosiyanasiyana ali ndi maubwino opanga mphamvu zazikulu, kusinthasintha kwakanthawi pakusintha kwa liwiro la mphepo, mtengo wotsika wopanga, komanso kuchita bwino kwambiri. Chifukwa chake, makina amphepo othamanga othamanga nawonso ndi amodzi mwamachitidwe akutsogolo kwamtsogolo. Makampani aku Germany pano ndi kampani yomwe imapanga makina amphepo othamanga kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

bokosi lalikulu lamagetsi othamangitsa kwambiri
Makina amphepo oyendetsa molunjika komanso oyendetsa molunjika Amagwiritsa ntchito ma mota opondaponda ndi ma injini angapo olumikizidwa mwachindunji kuyendetsa, kuthetsa kufunikira kwa ma gearbox okhala ndi mitengo yayitali kwambiri, magwiridwe antchito othamanga mphepo zochepa, phokoso lochepa komanso moyo wautali , Ubwino wogwira ntchito zochepa komanso kukonzanso ndalama. M'zaka zaposachedwa, gawo lamagetsi omwe amayendetsedwa ndi zoyendetsa mwachindunji lawonjezeka kwambiri, koma chifukwa chaukadaulo komanso mtengo, makina amphepo okhala ndi ma gearbox omwe akuchulukirachulukira azilamulirabe msika kwakanthawi mtsogolo. Theka-molunjika galimoto ndi mode galimoto pakati gearbox pagalimoto ndi pagalimoto mwachindunji. Imagwiritsa ntchito gearbox yoyamba kuti iwonjezere liwiro, ili ndi kapangidwe kake, ndipo ili ndi liwiro lothamanga kwambiri komanso makokedwe ang'onoang'ono. Poyerekeza ndi chikhalidwe pagalimoto bokosi, theka-mwachindunji galimoto kumawonjezera kudalirika kwa dongosolo; ndipo poyerekeza ndi lalikulu-m'mimba mwake galimoto yoyendetsa, theka-molunjika limachepetsa voliyumu ndi kulemera kwa dongosololi pogwiritsa ntchito kanyumba kogwira ntchito bwino.

Magiya akunja amagetsi oyendetsa mphepo nthawi zambiri amatengera njira yopumira ya carburizing. Chifukwa cha kukhazikitsidwa kwa makina ochulukirapo komanso olondola kwambiri a CNC akupanga makina opera zida, magwiridwe antchito amagetsi amphepo awongoleredwa kwambiri. Kukula kwakukulu kwa mphete yamagetsi ndi zofunikira kwambiri pamakina oyeserera pama gearbox oyenera amayenera kuwonetsedwa pakupanga mano ndikuwongolera kutentha kwa zida zamagetsi zamkati.
Kulondola kwa machining pamlanduwo, chonyamulira pulaneti, shaft yolowetsa ndi magawo ena amagetsi a gearbox ali ndi gawo lofunikira kwambiri pamtundu wa meshing wamagalimoto ndi moyo wonyamula. Ubwino wa msonkhanowu umapangitsanso moyo wama bokosi amagetsi amphepo. Mulingo wodalirika. Chifukwa chake, kupezeka kwa zida zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zapamwamba kwambiri komanso zodalirika zimafunikira kuwongolera kwamphamvu kwazinthu zonse pakupanga, kuwonjezera paukadaulo wopanga ndi zida zofunikira zopangira zida.

bokosi lalikulu lamagetsi othamangitsa kwambiri
Pakabokosi kakang'ono ka chopangira mphepo, mafuta akaipitsidwa ndi madzi ndipo sangapezeke ndi kuwachiza munthawi yake, mosakayikira mphamvu zake zimapha. Izi zikuphatikizapo kuchepetsa kukhuthala kwa mafuta, kuwononga kanema wamafuta, kufulumizitsa makutidwe ndi mafuta, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale zowonjezera zowonjezera, kenako Zikuwononga ziwalo.
Pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti mafuta ali mu bokosi lamagetsi lalikulu, kuteteza madzi kuti asalowe munjira ndi njira yothanirana ndi kuipitsa madzi, monga kusinthira pafupipafupi ndikuyika zida zopumulira chinyezi, koma dongosololi likakhala Wodetsedwa ndi madzi, njira zofananira zamankhwala ziyeneranso kutengedwa.
Ikani chubu chokoka mu fyuluta yodutsira ya gearbox yama turbine, yomangidwa mu polima woyamwa kwambiri, kuyamwa kwamadzi kumakhala 95%. Mafutawo amatenthedwa, ndipo madzi amasanduka chowumitsa osapangitsa kuti mafuta aziphatikizidwa ndi kutentha kwambiri. Makina osowa madzi m'thupi amatha kuchotsa 80% mpaka 90% yamadzi osungunuka.

Gawo lalikulu la kulephera kwama bokosi amagetsi amphepo amayamba chifukwa cha magiya. Malo ogwiritsira ntchito zida ndizovuta kwambiri, kuchuluka kwanthawi yayitali, kondomu yoyipa, kuyika kolakwika kwa mayendedwe kapena magiya, komanso kusowa kwamagiya okha kumayambitsa zolephera zamagalimoto ndikufupikitsa moyo. .
Kuzindikira kwamphamvu pakadali pano ndi njira yodziwira bwino yodziwira zolephera zamagetsi amphepo. Malingana ngati kugwiritsa ntchito zida zoyenera kuzindikira kugwedera kuti musonkhanitse deta ndikusanthula zitha kudziwa momwe zida zimayendera, kukonza kwakanthawi ndikubwezeretsa magawo olakwika kuti zitsimikizire kuti zida zizigwiranso ntchito, ngakhale Pewani kulephera koyambirira kuti mukhale ndi moyo wazinthu zina.
Pamene zida zamagetsi zamagetsi zimavala, matalikidwe amtundu wamtundu wa meshing pafupipafupi adzawonjezeka kwambiri. Zikakumana ndi zoopsa, pafupipafupi zida zamagalimoto zidzawonekera ndipo padzakhala kusinthasintha kwakanthawi. Nthawi zambiri, katundu akakhala wamkulu, pafupipafupi meshing pafupipafupi komanso ma harmoniki ake adzawonekera. Mawotchi a meshing pafupipafupi ndi ma harmoniki ake amasinthidwa ndimayendedwe ozungulira, ndipo kuthamanga kwachilengedwe kumachitika; magiyawo atasokonezedwa molakwika, ma harmoniki apamwamba amtundu wamagetsi wamagetsi nthawi zambiri amapangidwa, ndipo matalikidwe a pafupipafupi oyamba amakhala otsika ndipo matalikidwe a nthawi ziwiri ndi zitatu amakhala apamwamba.
Deta yakunjenjemera itasonkhanitsidwa, kuchuluka kwamagiya kumatha kuwerengedwa molingana ndi kuchuluka kwa kuchuluka kwa mano ndi liwiro la bokosi lamagetsi lamphamvu zamphepo, komanso mawonekedwe amtundu wa nthawi kapena magwiridwe antchito amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito vuto la gearbox. Komabe, muntchito zothandiza, chifukwa pali magiya angapo ndi mayendedwe mu gearbox, kuthamanga sikukhazikika. Kusanthula kwa sipekitiramu nthawi zambiri kumakhala ndimayendedwe osiyanasiyana, ena omwe amakhala pafupi kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kuzizindikira.

bokosi lalikulu lamagetsi othamangitsa kwambiri
Pakadali pano, tifunika kuphatikiza kusanthula kwa matalikidwe potengera malo oyesera. Pabokosi lililonse lamagiya, likakhala kuti likugwira ntchito bwino, sungani mafupipafupi ofananizira, ndikuwufanizira ndi mayendedwe amachitidwe pafupipafupi pakuwunika momwe zinthu zilili komanso kuzindikira kuti muli ndi vuto. vuto.

Kupanga mphamvu kwa mphepo kumagwiritsa ntchito mphepo kuyendetsa kasinthasintha kazitsulo ka makina amphepo, kenako ndikuwonjezera kuthamanga kwa kasinthasintha kudzera pa liwiro lokulitsa kuti jenereta apange magetsi. Malinga ndiukadaulo wapompopu, kupanga magetsi kumatha kuyambira mphepo yamphamvu pafupifupi mita zitatu pamphindikati.
Makina amphepo amapangidwa ndi mphuno, thupi lozungulira, mchira ndi masamba. Gawo lirilonse ndilofunika. Masamba amagwiritsidwa ntchito kulandira mphepo ndikusandutsa magetsi kudzera pamphuno; mchira umasunga masamba nthawi zonse moyang'anizana ndi komwe mphepo ikubwera kuti ipeze mphamvu yayikulu ya mphepo; thupi lozungulira lingapangitse mphuno kusintha mozungulira kuti izindikire ntchito yosintha mayendedwe a mchira; Makina ozungulira a makinawo ndi maginito okhazikika, ndipo kumulowetsa kwa stator kumachepetsa mphamvu yamagetsi yopangira magetsi.

bokosi lalikulu lamagetsi othamangitsa kwambiri
Nacelle ili ndi zida zofunikira za makina amphepo, kuphatikiza ma gearbox ndi ma jenereta. Ogwira ntchito yokonza akhoza kulowa nacelle kudzera pa nsanja yamagetsi. Mapeto akumanzere a nacelle ndi ozungulira a chopangira mphepo, chomwe ndi masamba ozungulira ndi shaft. Masamba ozungulirawo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti agwire mphepoyo ndikupita nayo kumalo ozungulira.
Shaft yothamanga kwambiri yopanga magetsi imalumikiza chozungulira ndi bokosi lamagi. Shaft yothamanga ili mbali yakumanzere kwa bokosi lamagiya, lomwe limatha kuwonjezera kuthamanga kwa shaft yothamanga mpaka kasanu kuposa 50 ya shaft yothamanga. Shaft yothamanga kwambiri komanso mabuleki ake othamanga: Shaft yothamanga kwambiri imayenda pamasinthidwe 1500 pamphindi ndikuyendetsa jenereta. Imakhala ndi mabuleki amwadzidzidzi, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pomwe mabuleki owonera panjira amalephera kapena pomwe makina amphepo akukonzedwa.
Woyang'anira zamagetsi zamagetsi opangira mphepo amaphatikizira kompyuta yomwe imayang'anira momwe magetsi amagetsi amathandizira ndikuwongolera yaw. Pofuna kupewa zovuta zilizonse, wowongolera amatha kuyimitsa kasinthasintha wa makina amphepo ndikuyimbira woyendetsa mphepo kudzera modemu ya foni.
Mphamvu yamagetsi yamagetsi imagwiritsidwanso ntchito kukhazikitsanso mabuleki ampweya wamagetsi; chozizira chili ndi fani yozizira jenereta. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi chinthu chozizira mafuta chomwe chimaziziritsa mafuta mu gearbox. Makina ena amphepo amakhala ndi ma jenereta otentha ndi madzi.

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